Phase Engineering of Nanomaterials (PENs)
1Department of Chemistry, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
2Center for Programmable Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798, Singapore
In this talk, I will summarize the recent research on the phase engineering of nanomaterials (PENs) in my group. It includes the first-time synthesis of hexagonal-close packed (hcp) Au nanosheets (AuSSs) on graphene oxide, the first-time synthesis of 4H hexagonal phase Au nanoribbons (NRBs), the synthesis of crystal-phase heterostructured 4H/fcc Au nanorods, the epitaxial growth of metals with novel phases on the aforementioned Au nanostructures, and the synthesis of amorphous/crystalline hetero-phase Pd nanosheets. In addition, the first-time synthesis of 1T'-MoS2 and 1T'-MoSe2 crystals have been achieved. Moreover, the phase transformation of transition metal dichalcogenide nanomaterials during our developed electrochemical Li-intercalation method will also be introduced. Interestingly, the lithiation-induced amorphization of Pd3P2S8 is also achieved. Currently, my group focuses on the (crystal) phase-based properties and applications in catalysis, surface enhanced Raman scattering, waveguide, photothermal therapy, chemical and biosensing, clean energy etc., which we believe are quite unique and very important not only in fundamental studies, but also in practical applications. Importantly, the concepts of crystal-phase heterostructures and hetero-phase nanomaterials are proposed.
Keywords: Crystal Phase; Noble Metal Nanomaterials; Hexagonal-Close Packed; Face-Centered Cubic; Gold; Ultrathin Nanosheets; Transition Metal Dichalcogenides